Yet there is more to be done in politics. In its 2019 Status Report, THE GCCSI determined how specific projects were supported by policy levers, including subsidies, tax incentives and increased oil recovery from carbon dioxide. THE GCCSI also identified “emission credits” as a valuable political tool; Emission credits have played a role in seven projects around the world. Given that the Paris Agreement aims to provide the international community with the general framework for combating CO2 emissions this century, it is essential that the mechanisms of the agreement encourage CCUS. The mere existence of the Paris Agreement does not necessarily guarantee success, as the Kyoto Protocol gives a history of warning. One of the market mechanisms or emission credit programs of the Kyoto Protocol – the clean development mechanism – had approved the CCUS methods, but no project was ever developed. Just because many climate modellers agree on the need for a technology like CCUS does not mean that the climate agreement can be expected to work in a way that promotes its use. He adds: “The paper argument of 2001 was to use BECCS as backstop technology if we received bad news from the climate system (for example.B. signs of sudden climate change, unpleasant comments about the Co2 cycle). Therefore, the strategy should be to plan for the fight against climate change with a view to achieving an as yet ambitious climate target without BECCS, while preparing for large-scale wooding and regeneration to prepare for backstop if necessary. All integrated evaluation models (AmIs) are deterministic [i.e.
have only one outcome per model] and do not allow us to think about risk management. For more than 20 years, the thinking of the Shell scenario has integrated climate change. The Sky scenario is part of two previous Shell scenarios, the mountains and oceans, which saw rapid decarbonization but did not exceed the paris Agreement targets. To achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement, the Sky scenario is based on a complex combination of mutual strengthening of society, markets and governments. It takes an approach based on current economic and political development mechanisms, but gradually becomes “targeted” to achieve the company`s zero net emissions ambitions by 2070. At Shell, we hope this is a useful contribution to one of the world`s toughest challenges. You can use all three scenarios to www.shell.com/Scenarios It recommends proposing a cost-effective way to produce low-carbon hydrogen in many regions and remove CO2 from the atmosphere.