Countries can reduce or avoid double taxation by granting either a tax exemption (MS) of income from foreign sources or a foreign tax credit (FTC) for taxes on foreign income. India has signed double taxation agreements (DBA) with a majority of countries and limited agreements with eight countries. The conventions provide for the income that would be taxable in one of the Contracting States, according to the understanding of the nations, as well as the conditions of taxation and exemption. India has concluded eight limited agreements with the following countries to facilitate double taxation with regard to the income of airlines and commercial companies: a DBA was signed in January 2018 between the Czech Republic and Korea.  The convention eliminates double taxation between these two countries. In this case, a Korean resident (person or company) who receives dividends from a Czech company must offset the Czech tax on the invoicing of dividends, but also the Czech tax on profits, the profits of the company that pays the dividends. The agreement governs the taxation of dividends and interest. Under this contract, dividends paid to the other party are taxed at a maximum of 5% of the total amount of the dividend for legal persons and natural persons. This agreement lowers the tax limit on interest paid from 10% to 5%. Copyright in literature, works of art, etc., remains exempt from tax. For patents or trademarks, the maximum tax rate is 10%.  [Need for a better source] According to a 2013 Business Europe study, double taxation remains a problem for European MFIs and a barrier to cross-border trade and investment.   Problem areas include limiting the deductibility of interest, foreign tax credits, settlement issues, and divergent qualifications or interpretations.
Germany and Italy were identified as the Member States where most cases of double taxation occurred. In recent years,[when?] the evolution of foreign investment by Chinese companies has grown rapidly and has become quite influential. Thus, the management of cross-border tax issues is becoming one of China`s main financial and trade projects, and cross-border tax issues continue to increase. To solve the problems, multilateral tax treaties are defined between countries, which can legally help companies on both sides to avoid double taxation and tax issues. In order to implement China`s “Going Global” strategy and help domestic enterprises adapt to globalization, China is committed to promoting and signing multilateral tax agreements with other countries in order to achieve common interests. By the end of November 2016, China had officially signed 102 double taxation treaties. Of this amount, 98 agreements have already entered into force. In addition, China has signed a double taxation agreement with Hong Kong and the Macao Special Administrative Region. China also signed a double taxation treaty with Taiwan in August 2015, which has not yet entered into force. According to the Chinese tax administration, the first double taxation agreement with Japan was signed in September 1983. The most recent agreement was signed with Cambodia in October 2016.
As for the state-disrupting situation, China would continue the agreement signed after the disruption. Thus, for the first time in June 1987, China signed a double taxation agreement with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic. In 1990, Czechoslovakia split into two countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, and the initial agreement signed with the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was constantly used in two new countries. . . .