At the request of Sir Gerald Portal, Alfred Tucker, Bishop of East Equatorial Africa and later Bishop of Uganda, called on the British authorities to take control of Uganda.  On May 29, 1893, a treaty between Portal and Kabaka Mwanga unofficially secured Uganda as a British protectorate. On August 27, 1894, Mwanga was forced to sign another treaty with Colonel S.E. Colvile, which encouraged the conventional takeover of the territory.  Although the treaties of 1893 and 1894 were concluded because Uganda, as determined by the Berlin Conference, was within the British sphere of influence, Britain did not have the sanctity of traditional rulers and their peoples. It was important that an agreement be reached rather than a treaty, so that British rule would become de jure and not de facto.  We, the undersigned, Sir Henry Hamilton Johnston, K.C.B., Her Majesty`s Special Commissioner, Commander-in-Chief and Consul General for the Protectorate of Uganda and adjacent territories, on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of Lndia, of the one part; and the Regents and Chiefs of the Kingdom of Uganda mentioned below on behalf of the Kabaka (King) of Uganda and the Chiefs and People of Uganda, on the other hand: Hereby accept the following articles relating to the Government and Administration of the Kingdom of Uganda. Officials of the Kingdom. Regent Stanislas Mugwanya (center) with other buganda chiefs in the 1890s, during the reign of Kabaka Daudi Chwa II. Regents and chiefs benefited from the distribution of land under the Buganda Agreement of 1900, which rewarded them for their cooperation with the British.
FILE PHOTO Daudi Chwa, who was a minor when the deal was signed, said by his majority that British control had diluted his authority. My current position is so precocious that I am no longer the direct leader of my people. My subjects consider my subjects only as one of the paid British servants. It`s only because I have no real power over my people, even the smallest chiefdom,” Chwa said, according to Baganda and the 1900-1995 British rule by Low and Pratt. Any order given, whether by my local chief or by the Lukiiko themselves, is always regarded with contempt unless confirmed by the provincial district commissioner. Chwa`s oath of office when he was growing up showed how much Buganda had been subjugated. Before the Buganda Agreement of 1900 sighed, the Buganda Kingdom was an absolute monarchy under the leadership of the Kabaka. .